6. RISK ASSESSMENT 18 Identifying the risks The risk identification checklist is used to help identify risks. Work through a list of risk factors to consider regarding the job. You should also consider what else might happen at work. Example of some items in the checklist: - physical dangers - accident risks - chemical and biological risk factors - physical load - social and psychological stress When identifying workplace hazards you should take into account the dangers that have already led to accidents and near-miss situations. You should also identify potential risks that have not yet caused any accidents but could cause one or harm the worker’s health. Risk criteria can be found in the government regulations, or if not found there, good work practices that have been generally accepted can be used as criteria. This manual has to do with typical hazards in the shipbuilding and off-shore industry. The job or objective that has been chosen to be assessed needs to be gone over carefully. When identifying workplace hazards, all employees that have access to the workplace must be taken into account. Besides normal activities, identify unusual activities, e.g. in emergency and extraordinary situations. Risk estimation A workplace hazard can be estimated based on its consequences and likelihood. The purpose is to find among several risk factors the most critical health and safety risks. Then measures and resources can be directed correctly. When estimating the risk, measures that have already been taken should be considered which means that the risk may be already under control, and no new measures are required. The consequences and likelihood of a hazard can be estimated using a three-step scale. The risk table on the following page can be used. The risk level is given at the intersection of the row and column. In this risk-level estimator the risk at its worst is intolerable (5, a risk that needs to be dealt with right away), and at its least non-significant (1).
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