Page 19

shem_en

6. RISK ASSESSMENT The degree of seriousness of the potential results of a workplace hazard can be determined based on the nature of the harm, extent of the damages and on the duration of the harmful effects. The categories of harm: Minor harm causes minor results. Harm causes long-lasting serious results or results in permanent minor disability. Extreme harm results in permanent major disabilities. Likelihood of the event Unlikely Possible Likely Likelihood is determined by how often the events take place and how long they last. Likelihood of the event: An event is highly unlikely when it occurs rarely or not regularly. An event is unlikely when it occurs repeatedly, but not regularly. An event is likely when it occurs often and regularly. Degree of seriousness of the potential results Slightly harmful Harmful Extremely harmful 1. Insignificant risk 2. Low risk 3. Moderate risk 2. Low risk 3. Moderate risk 4. Significant risk 3. Moderate risk 4. Substantial risk 5. Intolerable risk The risk at its worst is intolerable (5, a risk that needs to be dealt with right away), and at its least non-significant (1). Risk level determination, necessary actions and follow-up The degree of seriousness of the potential results of a workplace hazard is given in the risk level estimator. It can be used to categorize the risks. Based on the risk level, it is possible to define in which order the actions should be taken. Categories of risk level: Risk level Actions to take 1.Insignificant risk No actions needed. 2. Low risk 3. Moderate risk 4. Substantial risk 5. Intolerable risk Actions are not mandatory, but monitoring is required to ensure that its results or likelihood won’t change in the future. Plan measures of prevention. Study the likelihood more carefully, if it has serious results. It is mandatory to reduce the risk level. Urgent actions should be taken. If the job has not yet been started, don’t start it until the risk has been reduced. Eliminating the risk is mandatory. Immediate actions should be taken. Work should not be continued until the risk has been reduced. After estimating the risk any actions to be taken should be recorded in order to manage the hazard. When the risk is moderate or bigger, it is necessary to plan measures and tie them to a timetable. This timetable should also show the names of the people responsible for follow-up of their implementation. The risk levels should be updated when there are considerable changes in the circumstances. Good recording makes it easier to follow-up the process and estimate the hazards in the future. 19


shem_en
To see the actual publication please follow the link above