12. HOISTING General hoisting instructions The lifting equipment operator is responsible to remove unauthorized persons from the lift zone and isolate the area, if needed. When performing lifting operations, it is important to consider other operations taking place in the area and ensure coordination of different work and tasks. Use only lifting equipment that is inspected, designed for the lift you are planning to do. It is absolutely forbidden to lift people at the same time as any load. Equipment for lifting personnel has been specifically marked for this purpose. Use only properly marked equipment to lift people. Do not start any hoisting work unless you have received adequate training to use the equipment in question or are sure that you can manage the hoisting equipment and all the different phases of the hoisting operation. Do not operate a remote controlled crane unless you have been trained for this operation. 54 Hoisting operations must be planned carefully. Special lifting operations, where two or more items of lifting equipment are used or lifting large and heavy items always require a separate written plan, that ensures coordination of different activities related to hoisting. Always keep in mind centre of gravity of the load when fastening lifting straps, wire rope slings, chains or any other connectors. If you have several straps or chains make sure the load is properly balanced between each lifting point. Stop the operation when the load has been lifted for half a metre and check the balance and fastenings. Snow, sleet, rain, and ice cause metal pipes to be slippery. Keep this in mind and be sure to have and maintain a secure hold of the load. Warn people working in the lifting zone about imminent lifting operations. If necessary, mark the risk zone, isolate it, and arrange for it to be guarded. Never leave a load hanging in mid-air. It is dangerous to people passing below. The lifting operation is completed only when the load has been placed in its new position in such a way that it cannot fall or tip and the lifting accessories and equipment is put in its place. Use pallet lifters or forklifts for lifting pallets. Tie the load carefully or use a pallet lifter with a cage when lifting. Be sure that small items cannot fall from in between the pallet and the cage. Do not stand or walk in lifting zone.
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