19. SUSTAINABLE MARITIME INDUSTRY 19.3 Waste Management The purpose of waste management is to prevent health hazards and environmental damage caused by waste, as well as to reduce the amounts and harmful properties of waste. Through effective waste sorting we may reduce the costs of waste management, increase competitiveness, meet legal requirements regarding waste sorting and satisfy customer demands. At the same time we save natural resources and take responsibility for the environment. Effective waste management promotes rational use of natural resources, prevents pollution and increases cost-saving efficiency. Materials are used efficiently and remaining wastes, if possible, are used as raw material, or as a source of energy. 92 According to the Waste Act the first priority should be given to recovery of the material contained in the waste, and the second priority given to recovery of the energy contained in the waste. Waste can be disposed in the landfill sites only when material or energy recovery is not feasible for technical or economic reasons. One of the objectives of the Waste Act is that by 2020 a minimum of 70% of construction waste shall be prepared for re-use, recycled or undergo other material recovery. The waste hierarchy 1. Reducing generation of waste products 2. Reuse of waste 3. Recycling of waste 4. Recovery of energy 5. Final disposal Instructions and responsibilities apply to all companies. Every employee and company is responsible for the waste produced by their activities and for its proper treatment and sorting. Waste should be sorted in accordance with site specific instructions. The main principles of waste sorting are presented on the next page.
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